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Neotropical Flora and Mycota Catalog

The tropics include the region of the earth's surface between the Tropic of Cancer (23°27'N) and the Tropic of Capricorn (23°27'S) and comprise about 40% of the earth's land surface. The Paleotropics include African and Southeast Asian tropical areas while the Neotropics are the tropics of the Western Hemisphere, including southern Mexico, Central America, most of South America, and the West Indies.

The tropics contain an overwhelmingly large number of the world's living species and, as a result, continue to be the focus of intensive biological exploration and research. Currently, the Neotropical flora and mycota consist of approximately 90,000 species of flowering plants, 550,000 fungi, 13,500 lichens, 7,000 bryophytes, 3,400 pteridophytes, 150 gymnosperms and 6,000 algae.

The aim of this catalog is to provide researchers with immediate access to The New York Botanical Garden's Neotropical collections and a link to information, from the checklists below, on each taxon name through the Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) and MOST (MOSs Tropicos) systems. The catalog contains records from the countries listed in the table below.

Countries Included in the Catalog
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua & Barbuda
  • Argentina (only States Formosa, Jujuy & Salta)
  • Aruba
  • Bahamas
  • Barbados
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil (except States Santa Catarina & Rio Grande do Sul)
  • Chile (only States Atacama & Tarapaca)
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Cuba
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • French Guiana
  • Grenada
  • Guadeloupe
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Jamaica
  • Martinique
  • Mexico
  • Montserrat
  • Netherlands Antilles
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Puerto Rico
  • St. Kitts & Nevis
  • St. Lucia
  • St. Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Suriname
  • Trinidad & Tobago
  • United States (only Dade & Monroe Counties, Florida)
  • Venezuela
  • Virgin Islands (U.K.)
  • Virgin Islands (U.S.)

To search the American Bryophyte Catalog by the name of the plant or fungus (family, genus, species, or subspecific epithet), author, collector, collector number, barcode number, or type status, use the Basic Search box below. To search one or more specific fields in the database, choose the Detailed Search.

 Basic Search


 Advanced Search
(most recent determination)
Scientific Name
(most recent determination)
Searches the genus, species, infraspecies, and author abbreviations of a name.
(most recent determination)
(most recent determination)
(most recent determination)
(all determinations)
Scientific Name
(all determinations)
Searches the genus, species, infraspecies, and author abbreviations of a name.
(all determinations)
(all determinations)
(all determinations)
Common Name
Determiner Searches initials and last name.
Collector Searches initials and last name.
Collection Number
Collection Date
(dd mm yyyy)
One or more may be used to search the collection date.
Continent Examples: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Central America, Europe, North America, Oceania, South America, West Indies
Country Avoid abbreviations. Examples: Netherlands Antilles; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; United States of America
State/Province Avoid abbreviations. Examples: Mato Grosso do Sul; Nevada; Santa Catarina
Precise Location
Plant Description
Barcode Unique NY-assigned specimen barcode number
Type Status "Holotype," "Isotype," etc.
Records with Images Limits searches to only those records with images or other multimedia attachments.
Records Per Page

Search Tips

Searches in the Virtual Herbarium are by default word-based. The fastest searches are made by using whole words as the criteria. Wildcard characters can be used to find partial words, but search times will be significantly longer.

Use an asterisk (*) as a substitute for any number of characters in a word. (Example: "Dominic*" in the Country field will return specimen records from "Dominica" and "Dominican Republic.")

Use an exclamation mark before a word to specifically exclude that word from the search. (Example: "Lecythis" in the Genus field and "!chartacea" in the Species field will return all records of Lecythis except Lecythis chartacea.)

Use quotation marks to search for exact phrases. Words not enclosed by quotation marks will be used to return records with all of the words, but not necessarily in the order typed.

*The Scientific Name field searches the genus, species, infraspecies, and author abbreviations of a name.
Example 1: the search term "barnebyi" finds specimens of Cavendishia barnebyi, Lecythis barnebyi, etc.
Example 2: the term "Greenm." finds specimen records of numerous taxa described by Jesse M. Greenman.

Author abbreviations can be found using Harvard University Herbaria's Index of Botanists.

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